Keynote Presentation 9:15
Opportunities in Biogas
Steve will talk about AMP's experience with successful projects producing biogas and taking it to market. His emphasis will be on the lessons learned at the Fair Oaks Dairy in Indiana, which was the first dairy waste to transportation fuel project certified by the EPA under the Renewable Fuel Standard.
The RFS Electric Pathway:
AD Power to Electric Vehicles
Despite issuing final regulations nearly four years ago, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has yet to take any administrative action to activate the biogas-to-electricity pathway under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program. Without this additional revenue mechanism, many investments in anaerobic digester (AD) technology are struggling with increasingly low electricity prices. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 directed the EPA to determine the feasibility of using renewable energy as a biofuel for electric vehicles under the RFS. Subsequently, in 2014, the EPA published a final rule recognizing renewable electricity from biogas used in electric vehicles as a valid transportation fuel thereby creating the electric pathway. This presentation will explore the potential benefits of the electric pathway and the why ADs generating electricity are still unable to take advantage of this biofuel pathway.
Lunch n' Learn 12:00
LNG as the Next Aviation Fuel
The aerospace industry is facing many challenges today. Commercial aircraft are striving for major reductions in noise, fuel burn and emissions in an effort led by NASA with the N+3concepts
The aerospace industry has been investigating alternative fuels for aviation fuel supply for environmental, economic and security benefits. Most of the fuels investigated and tested were derived from biomass or other forms of organic supply and waste. Biomass fuels can be interchangeable with jet fuels, but typically do not offer any technical advantages unless modified to withstand higher temperatures. Another fuel option is liquefied natural gas (LNG).
When considering the aircraft as an entire system and not just focusing on the fuel management system, LNG can provide some benefits. The work presented evaluates some of the major challenges and benefits of using LNG as an aviation fuel.
Lunch n' Learn 12:30
Advances in PEM Fuel Cells
for Aerospace Applications
Recent advancements in more-electric aerospace and undersea vehicles have created renewed interest in the use of air-independent fuel cells to meet power requirements.
Under the sponsorship of various U.S. government entities, including NASA, Infinity has been developing a non-flow-through Advanced Product Water Removal (APWR) Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell technology that eliminates the need to actively circulate reactants and can remove water directly from the reaction site within each cell. This low temperature, compact, lightweight technology projects to a system with the operational simplicity and reliability of a battery but with the performance and rapid recharge capability of fuel cells. Its simplicity and robust design also supports lightweight integration into regenerative fuel cell systems.
This presentation will report on the operational characteristics and benefits of Infinity’s APWR fuel cell and present an update on development status and availability. It will also review related hydrogen-air fuel cells under development for various other aerospace applications.
Renewable natural gas and hydrogen
There are currently about 25,000 fuel cell vehicles in the U.S. today which includes over 20,000 fuel cell forklifts. To fuel these vehicles, there is growing interest in utilizing renewable gas / biogas and converting it to hydrogen. Existing hydrogen supply options commonly used have both economic and environmental challenges which cannot be fully addressed. This presentation will look at the technology involved in converting biogas to hydrogen and will review some specific projects where this has been done successfully.
EV Charging Grid Impacts and Standards;
Biogas Sourced Charging Energy Opportunities
Vehicle electrification trends continue from short range passenger vehicles, to longer range passenger vehicles to heavy duty/commercial vehicles, requiring increased charging rates to accommodate larger capacity batteries in the same available charging time.
EV Charging grid impacts from increasing numbers and sizes of electric vehicles have been modeled, including greenhouse gas impacts (ANL GREET model).
Vehicle charging standards cover many aspects of the vehicle, infrastructure and secure communication of controls.
New (state based) Weights and Measures Watthour Meter standards for non-utility commercial transactions may open new renewable energy credit markets.
Heavy duty and commercial electric vehicles can provide a path for self consumption of biogas generated electricity when wholesale electricity market prices are too low.
Charging methods, certification and testing of charging equipment and upcoming new EV technologies will be discussed as well.
Farm Tour - Rosendale Dairy
3:30 - 5:00
Visit Wisconsin's Largest Dairy!
Tour of Rosendale Dairy
N8997 Cty Hwy M, Pickett, WI
Tour hosted by Milk Source
Please arrive promptly by 3:30